The International Space Station (ISS), which is a joint effort of 5 space agencies, including NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) is a unique and complex spacecraft orbiting the Earth at an altitude of about 200 miles.

  • What is Cupola module used for?
  • Is Cupola module able to withstand harsh space conditions?
  • What are the purposes of Cupola module?
  • What are the disadvantages of Cupola module?

One of the most striking features of the International Space Station is the Cupola, a domed, windowed structure that provides a 360-degree view of the surrounding space. The Cupola was added to the International Space Station in 2010 and is located on the front of the station's "Tranquility" module.

The hexagon-shaped, 80 cm wide module has the title of the largest window in space with its 7 windows. The windows are made of high-strength, multi-layered glass and are designed to withstand harsh space conditions, including extreme temperature fluctuations, solar radiation and micrometeorite impacts.

What are the astronauts doing inside Cupola module?

Cupola serves various purposes aboard the International Space Station. It provides a unique viewing platform for the station crew, allowing them to observe Earth and other celestial bodies as they pass. It is also used as a control center for the station's robotic arm, which is used to carry payloads and conduct experiments outside the International Space Station.

In addition to its practical uses, the Cupola also serves as a psychological and entertainment space for the crew. The views of Cupola are truly breathtaking and the station crew often spend time looking at Earth and the stars. In fact, the Cupola has also been used as a venue for concerts and other cultural events, providing a unique setting for these events.

What are the challenges of being inside Cupola module?

Despite its many advantages, Cupola also has disadvantages. One of the main challenges is condensation that can form on windows due to temperature and humidity differences between the inside and outside of the environment. Problems can occur in certain parts of this orbit, and the crew must take measures to prevent and reduce condensation.

In addition, Cupola is exposed to harsh field conditions that can cause wear and tear to its structure and components. To overcome these challenges, it is equipped with a variety of systems and materials to maintain its structural integrity.

Let's end our blog with a video clip from the International Space Station. In this clip, we can see the active use of Cupola.

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