Hey there, future space explorers! Get ready for an out-of-this-world journey through our solar system, where planets come alive with amazing facts and cool comparisons.

While the average temperatures in the world broke records 3 times in a row in the same week, July 6, when the global average temperature was 17.23 degrees, was recorded as the “hottest day on record”. What is the situation on other planets? Let's take a look together.

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Let's start with the closest planet to the Sun, Mercury. Mercury is about 58 million km from the Sun.

That's hotter than an oven! But when the sun sets, Mercury becomes chilly, dropping to a freezing temperature, -180°C.

Mercury has an extremely thin and tenuous atmosphere called an exosphere, composed mainly of atoms blasted off its surface by the solar wind.

Next up is Venus, known as Earth's sizzling-hot neighbor. Venus is about 108 million km from the Sun.

Venus is a real hot spot in our solar system, with an average temperature of 464°C all around the planet.

That's because Venus has a runaway greenhouse effect, contributing to its high surface temperature making the atmosphere dense. Imagine being on a planet where it's always like a boiling sauna!

Venus has a thick atmosphere composed mainly of Carbon Dioxide with clouds of Sulfuric Acid.

Now, let's visit our own beautiful planet, Earth. Earth is about 150 million km from the Sun.

We have a comfortable range of temperatures here, from freezing cold in some places, like -89.2°C, to quite hot in others, reaching up to 56.7°C.

Earth has a predominantly Nitrogen (78%) and Oxygen (21%) atmosphere with traces of other gases such as Carbon Dioxide and water vapor. It supports life and provides a protective layer that regulates temperature and shields from harmful radiation.

Mars, often called the 'Red Planet', is next on our adventure list. Mars is about 228 million km from the Sun.

While it's a bit colder than Earth, with temperatures ranging from -87°C near the poles to -5°C at the equator, it still has a lot of potential for future exploration.

Mars has a thin atmosphere composed mostly of Carbon Dioxide. It also has traces of Nitrogen and Argon, but the atmospheric pressure is much lower compared to Earth.

Now, let's journey to the mighty gas giant Jupiter. Jupiter is about 778 million km from the Sun.

Jupiter doesn't have a solid surface like our Earth. Instead, it's covered in massive swirling clouds. Even though it's far from the Sun, Jupiter's cloud tops are chilly, averaging around -145°C.

Jupiter has a thick atmosphere primarily composed of Hydrogen and Helium. It also contains traces of water vapor, Methane, Ammonia, and other compounds. It exhibits colorful cloud bands, including the famous Great Red Spot, a giant storm system.

Next, we have Saturn, famous for its beautiful rings. Saturn is about 1.4 billion km from the Sun.

Like Jupiter, Saturn doesn't have a solid surface either. Its cloud tops are even colder, with an average temperature of -178°C.

Saturn's atmosphere is predominantly composed of Hydrogen and Helium. It also has traces of other gases, such as Methane and Ammonia.

Now, let's venture to the icy giant Uranus. Uranus is about 2.9 billion km from the Sun.

This planet is really chilly, with an average temperature of -195°C. It's so cold that it's often called an 'ice giant.'

Uranus has a thick atmosphere mainly composed of Hydrogen and Helium, with traces of Methane. Its atmosphere is known for its unique blue-green color.

Last but not least, we have Neptune, another icy giant in our solar system. Neptune is about 4.5 billion km from the Sun.

Neptune is even colder than Uranus, with an average temperature of -200°C.

Neptune's atmosphere is composed of Hydrogen, Helium, and traces of Methane. It has a striking deep blue color and experiences powerful winds and storms.

Wow, our solar system is full of incredible diversity! From blazing-hot temperatures to freezing cold, and from thin atmospheres to thick ones, each planet has its own personality.

Remember, there's always something amazing to learn about the universe, so keep your curiosity alive and keep exploring!

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